Learning The Basics Of Grammar
With school well underway, many students have been made into home school pupils because of their parents' decision to provide their own children with an education. To make home schooling equivalent in subject matter to public or private schooling is not an easy task. For those who are willing to try here is a lesson on the basics of grammar which should be taught by the sixth grade in public school.
Grammar is taught with the intention of producing the main parts of a sentence coherently. A sentence is the primary root of grammar. A sentence is a formulating of a thought in words that is understandable to the reader and that has a subject and a receiver of that subject's action a predicate.
A subject is part of the sentence that controls the central thought of the sentence. The subject is central idea from which the rest of the sentence radiates. The subject lets us know what or who is being discussed in the sentence.
The predicate is that part of the sentence that tells us what the subject is doing.
The sentence has besides the subject and the predicate what are called complements. There are complements used as direct objects, as indirect objects, as predicate nominative and predicate adjectives.
Complements are used to control the extent of the action of the subject as expressed by the predicate.
A direct object follows the predicate which is often the verb or verb complement and limits the action of that predicate.
An indirect object comes in front of a direct object and identifies the person or thing that limits the action of the predicate as specified by the direct object. There can be no indirect object without a direct object.
A predicate nominative follows a verb and is rather redundant in that it bounces back to the subject for ownership.
A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and like any adjective explains a particular quality of the subject not the verb.
Those are the main parts of the simple sentence, but there are other types of sentences that are more complicated.
There are also other sets of words that are used together that do not change the simple sentence into a complex or into a compound or a compound complex sentence but are used much like adjectives to further our information about the subject. These words are called phrases. There are prepositional phrases, adjective phrases, adverb phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, infinitive phrases. Each type of phrase is identified by the type of word used to begin the phrase of by the ending of the major modifier used in that phrase.
Basically, these phrases are used like adjectives and adverbs that are also called modifiers. For the most part adjectives are used in front of nouns or subects and adverbs are used following a verb or predicate and ending in the suffix, ly.
Learning grammar is not that difficult when the instructor is trained in the subject that he or she is teaching. To try and do home learning might put your child at a disadvantage when he or she tries to compete for entrance into a college that gives entrance exams based on what is being taught in public or in private schools. The sample given here is only information about a simple sentence and its parts. It is like the tip of the iceberg when it comes to learning about grammatical structure and the transformation of thought into language and, in this case, into English.